Monday, March 5, 2012

''Patul lui Procust'' by Camil Petrescu

Camil Petrescu (1894-1957) was a writer of great spiritual connotations, manifested in many areas of literary creation: poetry, prose, drama, essay.
Joined lovinescian modernism of the time, Camil Petrescu was oriented both in novel and in theater, to a high and serious themes: love, war, death, absolute destiny. Camilpetrescian character is an intellectual elite, a man who "saw ideas", a seeker of the absolute.
"Procrustean bed" (1933) is the best novel by Camil Petrescu and one of the most original creations of the Romanian modern prose.
No doubt, the epic scale of construction, the existence of several plans and narrative complexity of the characters, the work that discussing is a novel.
Assignment of the modern Romanian construction category can be explained by:
Absolute novelty of the formulation composition, narrative perspective is sequential.
Subjective time, "action" not having a wire chronology, various moments of life characters are reconstructed memories, opinions of other characters and footnotes.
A "parallel mirrors", each of the actors are seen differently by those who knew him.
Psychological acuity analysis.
The theme of the novel is human drama education, meant to be incompatible with the world, love and luck. Each of the three characters that represent higher man (T., Ladima and Fred Doe) is a misfit who can not fit in "bed procustian" of love or of society.

Sunday, February 19, 2012

Mara by Ioan Slavici

Slavici's prose outlined a fresco of morals and behavior of specific people in Transylvania, a world where good triumphs and truth, honor and justice, the ethical rules one must follow. Slavici, being an author, moralist, a fine psychologist and creator of psychologists, applied in his fundamental notion of humanity and moral virtues such as honesty, dignity, good faith, honor and love of truth. The whole creation of Glory is a plea for moral balance, for counsel and wisdom, happiness through the love of people and keeping the measure at all, and any deviation from these principles is severely punished by the author.
"Mara" is the most successful novel Slavici and one of the best Romanian novels. The novel, published in 1906, is the most valuable creation epic expanse, the best novel of our, before Ion "the epoch of the appearance, Mara had to mean an event, and today, looking back, this novel appears as a big step in the history of genius "(G. Calinescu - history of Romanian Literature from origins to the present).
It truthfully portrays a world with its specific mores placed at the crossroads village with the city, in a Transylvanian village, Radna Lipova and close near Arad, action book being placed at the end of the nineteenth century and early twentieth century.

Wednesday, February 15, 2012



Saturday, February 11, 2012

Mihail Sadoveanu, biography (1880 - 1961)

Sadoveanu (born November 5, 1880, Pascani - d October 19, 1961, Bucharest) was a writer, storyteller, novelist, novelist, scholar and Romanian politician. It is considered one of the most important Romanian writers of the first half of the twentieth century. His work can be grouped into several phases corresponding to the dominant literary trends or directions in one time: a first step semanatorist, the beginning of the first attempts, novels and stories, a second mythical-symbolic of the interwar period (reflected in novels such as The Golden Bough or Persian Divan and the last phase corresponding to socialist realism, in agreement with the socialist-communist ideology that Sadoveanu joins.

His parents were Sadoveanu lawyer Alexander Sadoveanu of Oltenia and Profira Ursache, yeomen girl. Follow gymnasium "Alecu Alecsander Donici" in Falticeni. While studying at the Gymnasium in 1897, intends to form, together with a colleague, a monograph on Stefan cel Mare, giving up, however, the lack of historical sources. Then comes the National Science High School and studied law at Bucharest. Fuck magazine debuts in Bucharest in 1897. In 1898 the sheet begins to work with Gala New life Galaction, ND Baking, etc. Arghezi Tudor signed with his name and the pseudonym MS Cobuz.

Is established in Bucharest, in 1904, married, and had eleven children. In the same year occurs suddenly start publishing four volumes - Stories, stifled pain, aiding Santa tavern, Falcons - the Sadoveanu show special predilection for history. Nicolae Iorga be called 1904 "the year Sadoveanu".

In 1910 he was appointed director of the National Theatre in Iasi. Volumes published this year Evening Stories (Minerva Publishing House), Genevieve of Brabant, brochure How can we get rid of needs and how to acquire land, etc. Collaborates Semanatorul magazine, but will feel spiritually close to the magazine that appeared in Iasi, Romanian life.

In 1919 edit with Tudor Arghezi in Iasi, Notes literary magazine. In December, the magazine announces its termination Issue: Romanian life and starts his work for culture and use. We of the Literary Notes, her current back into our modest means. In Iasi magazine publishing short stories published volumes and pamphlets Shadows Creanga memory, and the Star House, volume vigils. Becomes a member of the Romanian Academy in 1921.
In 1926 the Romanian Writers' Society is with Alan Rebreanu, the Congress of Berlin.

Hanu Ancutei published in 1928, belonging to the period of maturity of the writer, is a volume of nine stories, an ideal lyrical epic genre.
On the death of Garabet Ibraileanu, Sadoveanu words will elicit praise from critic personality Romanian Life magazine.

After 1947, his writing turns to the new communist ideology, publishing works related current Soviet Socialist Realism, the famous novel Mitrea Cocor or book reports the USSR Light comes from the East. As a reward for this orientation, becomes President of the Presidium of the Grand National Assembly, political position occupied by a maximum during the communist Romanian writer and enjoys all the privileges that flow from it.

Novel published in 1948 Păuna Minor, and a year later in 1949, Sadoveanu elected president of the writers. A few years later, in 1952 published historical novel Nicoară Horseshoe, masterpiece of the genre. Adventure volume published in 1954 in the Danube valley.

In 1955, the writer is given the title of Hero of Socialist Labor. Sadoveanu received Lenin Peace Prize in 1961.

Sadoveanu dies on October 19, 1961, and was buried beside Eminescu and Caragiale.

Thursday, February 9, 2012

About Mircea Eliade

born:   March 13, 1907 in Bucharest, Romania
died:   April 22, 1986
       Romanian-born historian of religion, fiction writer, and one of the pre-eminent interpreters of world religion in this century. Eliade was an intensely prolific author of fiction and non-fiction alike, publishing over 1,300 pieces over 60 years. He earned international fame with LE MYTHE DE L'ÉTERNAL RETOUR (1949, The Myth of the Eternal Return), an interpretation of religious symbols and imagery. Eliade was much interested in the world of the unconscious. The central theme in his novels was erotic love.