Saturday, February 11, 2012

Mihail Sadoveanu, biography (1880 - 1961)

Sadoveanu (born November 5, 1880, Pascani - d October 19, 1961, Bucharest) was a writer, storyteller, novelist, novelist, scholar and Romanian politician. It is considered one of the most important Romanian writers of the first half of the twentieth century. His work can be grouped into several phases corresponding to the dominant literary trends or directions in one time: a first step semanatorist, the beginning of the first attempts, novels and stories, a second mythical-symbolic of the interwar period (reflected in novels such as The Golden Bough or Persian Divan and the last phase corresponding to socialist realism, in agreement with the socialist-communist ideology that Sadoveanu joins.

His parents were Sadoveanu lawyer Alexander Sadoveanu of Oltenia and Profira Ursache, yeomen girl. Follow gymnasium "Alecu Alecsander Donici" in Falticeni. While studying at the Gymnasium in 1897, intends to form, together with a colleague, a monograph on Stefan cel Mare, giving up, however, the lack of historical sources. Then comes the National Science High School and studied law at Bucharest. Fuck magazine debuts in Bucharest in 1897. In 1898 the sheet begins to work with Gala New life Galaction, ND Baking, etc. Arghezi Tudor signed with his name and the pseudonym MS Cobuz.

Is established in Bucharest, in 1904, married, and had eleven children. In the same year occurs suddenly start publishing four volumes - Stories, stifled pain, aiding Santa tavern, Falcons - the Sadoveanu show special predilection for history. Nicolae Iorga be called 1904 "the year Sadoveanu".

In 1910 he was appointed director of the National Theatre in Iasi. Volumes published this year Evening Stories (Minerva Publishing House), Genevieve of Brabant, brochure How can we get rid of needs and how to acquire land, etc. Collaborates Semanatorul magazine, but will feel spiritually close to the magazine that appeared in Iasi, Romanian life.

In 1919 edit with Tudor Arghezi in Iasi, Notes literary magazine. In December, the magazine announces its termination Issue: Romanian life and starts his work for culture and use. We of the Literary Notes, her current back into our modest means. In Iasi magazine publishing short stories published volumes and pamphlets Shadows Creanga memory, and the Star House, volume vigils. Becomes a member of the Romanian Academy in 1921.
In 1926 the Romanian Writers' Society is with Alan Rebreanu, the Congress of Berlin.

Hanu Ancutei published in 1928, belonging to the period of maturity of the writer, is a volume of nine stories, an ideal lyrical epic genre.
On the death of Garabet Ibraileanu, Sadoveanu words will elicit praise from critic personality Romanian Life magazine.

After 1947, his writing turns to the new communist ideology, publishing works related current Soviet Socialist Realism, the famous novel Mitrea Cocor or book reports the USSR Light comes from the East. As a reward for this orientation, becomes President of the Presidium of the Grand National Assembly, political position occupied by a maximum during the communist Romanian writer and enjoys all the privileges that flow from it.

Novel published in 1948 Păuna Minor, and a year later in 1949, Sadoveanu elected president of the writers. A few years later, in 1952 published historical novel Nicoară Horseshoe, masterpiece of the genre. Adventure volume published in 1954 in the Danube valley.

In 1955, the writer is given the title of Hero of Socialist Labor. Sadoveanu received Lenin Peace Prize in 1961.

Sadoveanu dies on October 19, 1961, and was buried beside Eminescu and Caragiale.

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